Overexpression and RNA interference of Ap-cyclic AMP-response element binding protein-2, a repressor of long-term facilitation, in Aplysia kurodai sensory-to-motor synapses

cyclic AMP-response element binding protein-2 (CREB2) is a member of the CREB/transcription factor (CREB/ATF4) family. CREB2 is a transcription factor known to be involved in Aplysia long-term facilitation. To further examine the role of ApCREB2 on long-term synaptic facilitation, we isolated ApCREB2 from Aplysia kurodai in full-length cDNA library, and found that the overexpression of ApCREB2 blocked 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)-induced long-term synaptic facilitation in Aplysia sensory-to-motor synapses. Furthermore, a single pulse of 5-HT, which normally induces only short-term facilitation, in the presence of ApCREB2 inhibition by RNA interference, induced long-term facilitation in Aplysia sensory-to-motor synapses. These results suggest that ApCREB2 is a functional repressor of long-term facilitation in Aplysia sensory-to-motor synapses.